Dutch Identity - Dutch portrait photography now
January 16 - April 17, 2016
Museum de Fundatie, Zwolle, NL
Contemporary Dutch portrait photography has been held in high regard for many years, both in the Netherlands itself and on the international stage. Indeed, photographers like Anton Corbijn and Rineke Dijkstra are even more widely known abroad than in their own country. But what makes Dutch portrait photography so unique? The exhibition entitled "Dutch Identity" in Museum de Fundatie in Zwolle centres on that question with works of 25 prominent contemporary portrait photographers, all from the Netherlands: Danielle van Ark, Blommers&Schumm, Koos Breukel, Joost van den Broek, Ernst Coppejans, Anton Corbijn, Linelle Deunk , Desiree Dolron, Rineke Dijkstra, Charlotte Dumas, Lucia Ganieva, Ringel Goslinga, Pieter Henket, Carli Hermès, Cuny Janssen, Danielle Kwaaitaal, Annaleen Louwes, Hellen van Meene, Vincent Mentzel, Erwin Olaf, Carla van de Puttelaar, Viviane Sassen, Martine Stig, Marie Cécile Thijs and Marcel van der Vlugt.
The contemporary photographic portrait evolves from the Lowlands' centuries-old tradition of portraiture. In times gone by, portraits were commissioned and then painted in the studio. A realistic portrayal of the subject, the sitter, was depicted along with attributes denoting the subject's social status. In this day and age, photographic portraits enjoy many distinctive styles. Not only are photographers able to reproduce reality, they also have the possibility of staging their portraits according to their own concept, often in the form of a series. The traditional photographer has thus evolved into a self-directed artist. Portraits are all about identity. Not only the identity of the model but also that of the photographer and that of the person viewing the portrait. The photographer attaches his or her own idea to the portrait and communicates via his or her photographs with the viewer. The latter interprets the image from his or her own perspective. The viewer can also identify with a portrait of an animal or of an empty interior because it calls forth an association and can even evoke an emotion. Portraits can mirror reality and appeal to one's imagination. Portraiture as a genre has various sub-genres centring on the portrayal of mankind. In addition to traditional studio portrait photography, social themes are portrayed in journal, documentary, political and street photography. Whilst the purpose of this photography is to record events, the emphasis of staged theatre, glamour and fashion photography lies on aesthetics. With more than one hundred photographs by 25 top photographers from the Netherlands the Dutch Identity exhibition gives a captivating impression of the state-of-the-art of Dutch photographic portraiture in all its striking diversity. A portrait by Ernst Coppejans shows a homosexual man in West Africa who, by assenting to have his photograph taken, put his life at risk. Pieter Henket photographed actress Willeke van Ammelrooy during a staged police interrogation in which fact and fiction are blurred. For her part, Martine Stig recorded two Kuwaiti sisters dressed in burkas. With their faces completely concealed, can this photograph be classified as a portrait? And in addition to Koos Breukel's impressive official portrait of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima and that of Queen Beatrix by Vincent Mentzel, Charlotte Dumas' portraits of the rescue dogs deployed after the 9/11 terrorist attack in New York can be seen in Zwolle. In an age that virtually everyone has a photo camera at hand in the form of a mobile phone and portraits, selfies or otherwise, are flung without a thought and in massive quantities out into the world via social media, Dutch Identity shows that a photographic portrait can be much more than a random snapshot. The exhibition was organised by Cathinka Huizing and Harriet Stoop-de Meester, joint authors of the book Dutch Identity, Dutch Portrait Photography TODAY that will be published by publishing house De Kunst. With: Danielle van Ark, Blommers&Schumm, Koos Breukel, Joost van den Broek, Ernst Coppejans, Anton Corbijn, Linelle Deunk , Desiree Dolron, Rineke Dijkstra, Charlotte Dumas, Lucia Ganieva, Ringel Goslinga, Pieter Henket, Carli Hermès, Cuny Janssen, Danielle Kwaaitaal, Annaleen Louwes, Hellen van Meene, Vincent Mentzel, Erwin Olaf, Carla van de Puttelaar, Viviane Sassen, Martine Stig, Marie Cécile Thijs and Marcel van der Vlugt.